Monkeypox in India: The first patient infected with monkeypox has also been found in India. The doctor has advised that there is a need to be alert, not to panic about monkeypox. Know the symptoms and prevention measures of this virus.
Monkeypox In India: The first monkeypox case patient in India has been found in Kollam district of Kerala, who has returned from the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Symptoms of monkeypox virus were seen in his body, after which he was admitted to the hospital. His test report has come positive. After the confirmation of the first case of monkeypox in the country, the Government of India has now come into action mode and has sent a team of experts to Kerala. The Union Health Secretary has written a letter to the states advising them to implement the guidelines made for monkeypox.
What is this monkeypox virus
Dr Harshal Salve of Community Medicine of AIIMS (AIIMS) told that, monkeypox is a virus-caused disease which has been found especially in African countries. Usually this virus occurs in animals, hence it is also called zoonotic disease and it spreads from animals to humans. He said that this disease is being seen in African countries since 1970. But for some time now it has spread to some other countries as well. If this disease is seen then it spreads from animal to human and now its transmission from human to human has also been seen. This disease is like any viral fever – fever, body ache in it. Along with the headache, there is swelling in the cells.
Doctor Salve said that many countries around the world are getting a lot of patients of monkeypox. The World Health Organization has also given a lot of information regarding this and recently a case has also been found in India, which has a travel history and travel history is very important for any infectious disease.
Symptoms of Monkeypox
According to Dr Harshal Salve, this disease lasts for 3 to 4 weeks and its symptoms start appearing three to four days after infection. During this, fever, body ache, swelling of cells and rashes come on the body. But it doesn’t spread that fast. In this, those people who are around the patient can be vulnerable to infection. At the same time, they are not as deadly as small pox.
How this virus spreads
According to Dr Harshal Salve, the transmission of monkey pox is human as well as human. People who come in contact with the patient are more likely to get this disease. Especially those people who are taking care of sick person. It spreads through respiratory droplets and body fluids. If we talk about this disease is also self limiting. It also ends on its own after four weeks. Those who come in contact with the patient are at risk of spreading this disease. If the patient is isolated at the right time, then this disease will not spread. In the research that has been done so far, its case fertility rate has been found to be low.
Monkeypox can be dangerous for children
According to experts, monkeypox is not yet an epidemic. But its danger is especially in children because small pox vaccination is not yet done in our country. Those who have been vaccinated against smallpox are people over the age of 50-60 years. Their immunity will be against this virus and they are less at risk, but those who are under 40 years old, who have not been vaccinated for smallpox or have not had smallpox disease once, this disease can be a little serious. It cannot be said right now that monkeypox can be pandemic.
Is it possible to protect against the monkeypox virus? Is it possible to prevent monkeypox virus?
yes, monkeypox can be defended, but nothing can be said clearly about how much success it will be. to protect yourself from the infection of monkeypox virus, you can adopt several of the following mentioned measures:-
- avoid coming into contact with animals that can harbour the virus (including animals that are sick or that have been found dead in areas where monkeypox occurs).
- avoid coming into contact with any material, such as a bed, that comes in contact with a sick animal.
- distinguish infected patients from others who may be at risk of infection.
- practice good hand hygiene after coming in contact with infected animals or humans. for example, washing your hands with soap and water or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- use personal protective equipment (ppe) when caring for patients.
- if you have sex with someone, keep in mind that your partner does not have symptoms of monkeypox or has a history of traveling abroad (especially the country where they are currently exposed to monkeypox or african countries). use a condom while having sex. use condoms during oral sex as well.